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MuscleOriginInsertionNerveAction
Muscles of the lower leg - anterior group
tibialis anteriorouter side of tibia, membrana inerossea crusisos cuneiforme mediale (plantar) base metatarsalia ossa I.n. proenus profundusAnkle joint: dorsal flexion
extensor digitorum longuscondylus lateralis tibiae, proximal part tibia, membrana inerossea crusisaponeurosis dorsalis 2nd to 5th finger, on the distal cellsaponeurosis dorsalis 2nd to 5th finger, on the distal cellsAnkle joint: dorsal flexion of the auxiliary. Lower subtalar joint: auxiliary leg eversion. Joints metatarsophalangeal : extension. Interphalangeal joints: extension both interphalangeal joints
extensor hallucis longusinner surface of the fibula, membrane inerossea crusisdorsal aponeurosa, the distal part of the thumbn. proenus profundusAnkle joint: auxiliary dorsal flexion. Joint metatarsophalangeal (1st): auxiliary extension. Interphalangeal joint (1st): extension
Muscles of the lower leg - lateral group
peroneus longuscaput fibulae, proximal lateral surface of fibulaos cuneiforme mediale (plantar) base metatarsalia ossa I.n. proenus superficialisAnkle joint: auxiliary plantar flexion. Lower subtalar joint: eversion foot (dorsal flexion, pronation, abduction
peroneus brevisdistal part of the lateral surface of fibulatuberositas ossis metatarsalis quintin. proenus superficialisAnkle joint: auxiliary plantar flexion. Lower subtalar joint: eversion foot (dorsal flexion, pronation, abduction
Lower leg muscles - the dorsal group - the surface layer
triceps suraecap. med. - epicond. med. femoris, cap. lat. - epicond. lat. femoris, m. soleus - caput fibulae linea m., solei tibiae = arcus tendineus m. soleituber calcanei - tendus calcaneus (Achillis), between tuber calcanei and the tendon is a bursa tendinis calcanein. tibialisKnee joint: auxiliary flexion (m. gastrocnemius). Ankle joint: plantar flexion. Lower subtalar joint: auxiliary inversion (plantar flexion, adduction, supination).
plantarisepicondylus lateralis femorismerges with the Achilles tendonn. tibialisAnkle joint: auxiliary plantar flexion
Lower leg muscles - the dorsal group - deep layer
popliteusepicondylus lateralis femorisabove linea musculi solein. tibialisKnee joint: auxiliary flexion, auxiliary internal rotation (only in flexion)
tibialis posteriorrear side of the tibia, the inner surface of the fibula, membrana inerossea crusistuberositas ossis navicularis, bottom surface os sphenoidalen. tibialisAnkle joint: auxiliary plantar flexion. Lower subtalar joint: inversion foot (plantar flexion, adduction, supination)
flexor digitorum longusrear surface of the tibiadistal articles 2nd to 5th fingern. tibialisAnkle joint: auxiliary plantar flexion. Lower subtalar joint: inversion foot (plantar flexion, adduction, supination). Joint metatarsophalangeal: auxiliary flexion. Interphalangeal joint: flexion distal joints, auxiliary proximal joint flexion.
flexor hallucis longusrear surface of fibuladistal part of the thumbn. tibialisAnkle joint: auxiliary plantar flexion. Subtalar joint bottom: inverse foot. Metatarsophalangeal joint (1): auxiliary flexion. Interphalangeal joint (1): flexion
The dorsal muscle of the foot
extensor digitorum brevisdorsal side of calcaneal bone, neighborhood sinus tarsidorsal aponeurosis 2nd to 4th fingern. proenus profundusJoints metatarsofalangeal: extension. Joints interfalangeal: extension of both interfalangeal joints.
extensor hallucis brevisdorsal side of calcaneal bone, neighborhood sinus tarsidorsal aponeurosa of thumbn. proenus profundusJoint metatarsofalangeal (1st) extension
The plantar muscles of the foot - muscles of thumb
abductor hallucis (1st layer)tuber calcaneimedial sesamoid ossicle of metatarsofalangeal joint of thumbn. plantaris medialisJoint metatarsofalangeal (1st): abduction, auxiliary flexion
flexor hallucis brevis (3rd layer)plantar side of cuboid bonesBoth sesamoid bones metatarsofalangeal joint of thumbn. plantaris medialisJoint metatarsofalangeal (1st): flexion
adductor halluciscaput obliquum - plantar surface of the distal metatarsals bones, caput transversum - metatarsofalangeal joints 3rd to 5th fingerlateral sesamoid ossicle of metatarsofalangealjoint of thumb, base of proximal article of thumbn. plantaris lateralisJoint metatarsofalangeal (1st): adduction
The plantar muscles of the foot - muscles of little finger
m.abduktor digiti minimi (1st layer)lateral margin of the tuber calcaneibase of proximal article of 5th fingern. plantaris lateralisJoint metatarsofalangeal (5th): abduction, auxiliary flexion
m.flexor digiti minimi brevis (3rd layer)base of 5th metatarsal bones, plantar side ossis cubitbase of proximal article of 5th fingern. plantaris lateralisJoint metatarsofalangeal (5th): flexion
The plantar muscles of the foot - muscles of central group
lumbricales I.-IV. (2nd layer)tendons of m. flexor digitorum longusdorsal aponeurosis 2nd to 5th fingers, base of proximal articlesn. plantarisn lat. and med.Joint metatarsofalangeal: flexion, adduction auxiliary (III, IV.), auxiliary abduction (I., II.). Joint interfalangeal: auxiliary extension of both joints
quadratus plantaetuber calcaneitendon m. flexor digitorum longusn. plantaris lateralisJoint interfalangeal: auxiliary flexion proximal joint, auxiliary flexion of the distal joints
The plantar muscles of the foot - musculi interossei
interossei plantares I.-III.3rd to 5th metatarsal bonebase of proximal cells and dorsal aponeurosis of the finger on the near side of the foot axis, clamped so the thumb side of 3rd to 5th fingersn. plantaris lateralisJoint metatarsofalangeal: flexion, adduction(constriction fern fingers). Joint interfalangeal: auxiliary extension of both interfalangeal joints
interossei dorsales I.-IV.the neighboring sides metatarsal bonesThe base of the proximal articles dorsal side of the fingers, averted from foot axisn. plantaris lateralisJoint metatarsofalangeal: flexion, abduction (opening fern fingers). Joint interfalangeal: auxiliary extension of both interfalangeal joints

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